Pericardiocentesis is the most common therapeutic intervention for the early management or diagnosis of large, symptomatic pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade. Echocardiographic guidance has significantly improved the safety and feasibility of pericardiocentesis and has provided the possibility of choosing the best anatomical approach.

This module includes procedural tasks and clinical cases for the training of ultrasound-guided pericardiocentesis, accompanied by comprehensive educational aids. Trainee can choose between common approaches (subxiphoid, apical or parasternal) and practice key procedural steps such as palpation, ultrasound evaluation, needle puncture, wire/catheter insertion and verification as well as fluid aspiration.

Target Audience: Cardiologists, Interventional Cardiologists, Interventional Radiologists, Critical Care and Emergency Medicine physicians.


Module Features:

  • First-to-market virtual simulation of ultrasound-guided pericardiocentesis.
  • Live tracking of both needle andultrasound probe – view the needle and probe position on both 3D anatomical map and ultrasound image.
  • Palpable puncture pad with ribs and cartilage, providing tactile feedback during puncture.
  • Self-guided step-by-step procedural tasks for subxiphoid and parasternal approaches
  • Anatomical variations of the liver, stomach and pericardial sac
  • Variety of optimal puncture site locations
  • Real-time simulation of fluid aspiration, heart expansion and volume measurements.
  • Clinical variations: small/moderate/large pericardial effusion/tamponade
  • Complications such as pneumothorax upon lung puncture
  • Enhanced educational value including organ puncture warnings and visual aids such as 3D needle image and syringe filling indicator.
  • Enhanced performance report and safety assessment.